The trainee must demonstrate the following knowledge and abilities as they pertain to Outdoor First Care.
v Describe body substance isolation (BSI) precautions and demonstrate personal protection procedures to minimize exposure to bloodborne pathogens while providing first care.
v Control an incident scene, call for appropriate help (trained emergency care responder or team), and be able to assist any emergency care responders who arrive on the scene.
v Recognize the mechanisms of injury (MOI).
v Perform a brief assessment.
v Perform basic life support (BLS), rescue breathing and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as necessary.
v Demonstrate taking the radial and carotid pulse: List vital signs and diagnostic signs; and document changes in these signs.
v Control external bleeding.
v Recognize and provide first care for shock.
v Explain the principles of bandaging and splinting.
v Recognize and provide first care for common medical problems.
v Recognize and provide first care for environmental problems.